The ELSA aspects of multiple cases are assessed, evaluated, and improved.
This case develops a low-cost sensor platform that enables fine-grained measurements of nitrogen emissions. It designs an ICT infrastructure for storage and processing of measurement data that safeguards autonomy. Examples of identified ELSA challenges are the distribution and assessment of responsibility and accountability for emissions; and the effects of the measurement on the distribution of power among stakeholders.
This case concerns a product that can collect and interpret data including facial expressions. FaceReader can be used in a variety of contexts. In the ELSA lab we want to research its potential to nudge consumer behaviour in the direction of more sustainable and healthy food choices. This research will take place online or in a living lab in the supermarket or restaurant. ELSA issues include fear of personal identification, covert collection of health data, breach of privacy, the re-use of personal data, and use of the technology outside of a supermarket context for purposes of surveillance.
The Veenendaal fieldlab
This case focuses on the development of a living lab AI testing environment where consumption behaviour of citizens can be steered and monitored in neighbourhoods in Veenendaal. The fieldlab will be part of the education of ICT students of ICT campus Veenendaal. ELSA concerns include surveillance and nudging of behaviour of citizens, the balancing of public and private perspectives to health as a common societal good to strive for.
This case focusses on AI for detection & treatment of salmonella in pig stables. Success of the technology depends on the willingness of farmers to take action based on the information about salmonella provided, and share this information with other members of the value-chain such as the slaughterhouse. ELSA aspects include reflections about autonomy of farmers, surveillance and (public) penalization of farmers with salmonella in the stables, food safety issues, and power balance in the value chain.